Call: Running position of horses in a race at various points.
Cannon bone: Third metacarpal (front leg) or metatarsal (rear leg), also referred to as the shinbone; largest bone between knee and ankle joints.
Center of Distribution: Formula derived from Dosage profile and a similar attempt to quantify speed and stamina.
Chalk: Wagering favorite in a race that dates from days when on-track bookmakers wrote current odds on a chalkboard.
Chart: Statistical "picture" of a race (from which past performances are compiled) that shows position and margin of each horse at designated points of call and other data.
Checked: When a jockey slows a horse due to rivals impeding a runner's progress.
Chef-de-race: List of superior sires used in Dosage formula.
Chestnut: Horse color that may vary from a red-yellow to golden-yellow while mane, tail and legs are usually variations of coat color except where white markings are present.
Chute: Extension of backstretch or homestretch to permit a straight running start in a race as opposed to beginning on or near a turn.
Claim: Process by which a licensed person may purchase a horse entered in a designated race for a predetermined price; new owner assumes title after starting gate opens although former owner banks to all purse money earned in race.
Claiming race: Contest in which each horse entered is eligible to be purchased at a set price.
Classic: Race of traditional importance or term to describe an American distance such as a mile or 1 ¼ miles.
Climbing: When a horse lifts the front legs abnormally high while galloping, causing the animal to run inefficiently.
Clocker: One who times workouts and races.
Closer: Horse that runs best in the latter part of the race, coming from off the pace.
Clubhouse turn: Generally the turn on a racing oval that's closest to the clubhouse, usually the first turn after the finish line.
Colt: Ungelded male horse 4-years-old or younger.
Commingle: Combining pari-mutuel pools from off-track sites with the host track.
Condition books: Series of booklets issued by a racing secretary that sets forth conditions of races to be run at a particular track.
Conditioner: A trainer, workout or race to enable a horse to attain fitness.
Conditions: Requirements of a particular race that may include age, sex, money, races won, weight carried and distance of the contest.
Connections: Persons identified with a horse, such as owner, trainer, rider and stable employees.
Coupled: Two or more horses running as a single betting entry in a race.
Cracked hoof: Vertical split of hoof wall; cracks may extend upwards from the bearing surface of the wall or downward from the coronary band.
Crop: Number of foals by a sire in a given year or a group of horses born in the same year.
Cuppy (track): Dry, loose racing surface that breaks away under a horse's hooves.
Cushion: Top portion of a track.
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Here are some other handy links to the major races that you may fine valuable through out the year. We also have updated event pages for all major races. Check out our home page on the left navigation bar under the handicapping resources section during all major horse racing events. (Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, Belmont Stakes and Breeders Cup)
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